A fantastic Journey through South-Mexico !!!

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The Zócalo. (We look at the west side). In Mexico the Zócalo is the common name of the central square of a city. This square in Mexico-city has actually the name 'Plaza de la  Constitución': square of the constitution. The square is immense large: 240 at 240 meter! It is the second largest square of the world! The square has been constructed by conquistadores in 16th century. It is built on the remains of the old Aztec city Tenochtitlán. There is a peaceful demonstration ongoing, as you can see, by the people who are walking around the square. They demonstrate against everything you can image, including, of course, politics.
Take a look at this picture.
The Catedral Metropolitana, at north of the square. Beautiful church with much gold (leaf). The church is built on the same place where the first cathedral of new Spain was build by  Hernán Cortés. Later the church has been replaced by current one, which was completed in 1813.
When the Mexica (or Aztecs) from the north entered the valley of Mexico, they met the civilized descendants of the Toltec's who knew already a very precise calendar and extensive religious rituals. The Aztecs learned of their new neighbors and founded in the lake of Texcoco the ingenious city Tenochtitlán with wide roads and colorful palaces and temples of which Spanish conquerors were deeply impressed by it. They built their capital, Mexico-city, on the ruins of Tenochtitlán and filled up the lake. A part of the lake still exists in Xochimilco, where we have sailed. The unstable soil/bottom of the lake however has proven to be a bad foundation so that now dozens of buildings from 18th and the 19th century must be restored. See here how the church has already subsided.
Templo Mayor with the last bits of ruins of Tenochtitlán, the capital of the Aztecs. The Templo Mayor, the large pyramid of Tenochtitlán, meant for the Aztecs the centre of their universe. A lot of national and religious events took place, such as coronations, consecrations and human sacrifices.
Emperor Cuauhtémoc, successor of Moctezuma.
Souvenir from Teotihuacán.
It has been made of among others obsidian and mica.

Left. Canvas with an image of the Virgin of Guadalupe, the patroness of Mexico.



To the right the interior of the Catedral. The scaffolding is there for supporting the church.

Souvenirs market besides the Catedral.
Palacio Nacional (1523).
Built on the spot where once stood the palace of Moctezuma. Cortes decided to build his on palace on top of it.
The wall paintings of Diego Rivera, painted between 1929 and 1951. They depict the history and culture of Mexico.
We see here only a small part of the paintings.

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Tot nu toe betreft het een viertal vakanties: Suriname, Egypte, Peru, Bolivia en Mexico. Verder een kort fotoverslag van de zonsverduistering in 1999 te noord-frankrijk in de buurt van het plaatsje Spincourt. Er is een mogelijkheid om mijn gastenboek te tekenen. Deze homepage is ontworpen door Sander van Kuppevelt (sandervk).